Spring: A Journal of Archetype and Culture and Spring Journal Books
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From Tradition to Innovation
Jungian Analysts Working in Different Cultural Settings

by Catherine Crowther and Jan Wiener

ISBN: 9781935528739
342 pp.

This compilation of sixteen chapters gives a fascinating account of the wide variety of experiences of Jungian analysts working in different cultures across the world – for example in Russia, China, Poland, Lithuania, South Africa and Mexico. The contributors describe and reflect on their experiences both of offering and receiving training within these cross-cultural professional partnerships. The book shows the expansion of distance learning models in analytical psychology, in particular in so-called “shuttle” programs which have been developed by analysts travelling widely over the past 20 years under the auspices of the International Association for Analytical Psychology (IAAP).  The authors give detailed accounts from both sides of the mutual encounters and challenges between different cultures, often coloured by recent history including social trauma.

This is a book not only about training but is also an enlightening cultural commentary for our times. The powerful bi-directionality of cultural influence and discovery is apparent in different ways in every chapter. By locating new training programs not in long-established institutions but within developing groups in other cultures, traditional models of training have been challenged by different therapeutic environments. Often this has led to imaginative, innovative ways of learning – as vividly detailed in the chapters. It also prompts a necessary re-appraisal of which concepts feel to be essential to the core values of our Jungian practice and which show an outdated adherence to culture-bound attitudes.

The publication of this book is a timely reminder that when psychoanalysis and Jungian analysis as we know it is floundering in some Western countries, new projects in countries seeking to develop an analytic culture give hope for sustaining our professional practice.  This book contains the voices of both seasoned and recently qualified analysts; well-known and new authors. The contributors come from nine countries including Russia, Poland, Israel, the UK, the USA, Lithuania, Germany, Switzerland and Italy.
Praise for Tradition to Innovation
This fascinating compilation celebrates the expanding interest around the globe in the work of Jung and the clinical application of his ideas. Jan Wiener and Catherine Crowther are ideal candidates for the task of editing this excellent book. They are true pioneers and ambassadors of Jungian analysis. For over twenty-five years, they have shared their passion and enthusiasm for analytical psychology with countless trainee analysts in Russia and Eastern Europe but also further afield. Just as they do with their trainees, they manage to get the best out of their authors who give moving and stimulating accounts of their multi-cultural experiences. We see how orthodoxies are challenged and how Jungian analysis, like all things, is required to evolve to survive. I can’t recommend it highly enough.
Martin Schmidt, training analyst at the Society of Analytical Psychology, London and lecturer/supervisor in Jungian analysis in Russia, Ukraine, and Serbia.
This inspiring book amply demonstrates the achievements of the IAAP ‘router’ programme over the past two decades. With a truly Jungian commitment to mutuality and bi-directional learning, trainers and trainees alike record the fruits of this pioneering venture into the world of the other. Anyone interested in the relation between analysis and culture, and the rewards of cross-cultural dialogue, will greatly enjoy reading this book.
Warren Colman, Supervising Analyst, Society of Analytical Psychology, and Consultant Editor, Journal of Analytical Psychology
Here is a fascinating collection of reflections about the mutual influences of western psychoanalysts who teach colleagues in the East. Lots of experiences, questions, doubts, and exciting experiences from both sides are described and discussed. It provides basic texts for discussing the limitations but also the excellent prospects, together with the challenges of transformation for both in a cross-cultural partnership in teaching and understanding Jungian psychology. This book will surely open a broad discussion around these issues.
Verena Kast, Professor of Psychology at the University of Zürich, training analyst at the C. G. Jung Institute, psychotherapist in private practice, author of numerous books, including A Time to Mourn and The Nature of Loving
This outstanding compilation of articles gives voice to participants, including those of analysts, trainees, supervisors, and teachers, in the innovative and challenging adventure of providing training in Jungian analysis through Developing Groups in different cultural settings around the world. Neither over-idealizing nor shying away from often well-founded criticism, this book provides a balanced and nuanced overview creating an overall mosaic highlighting both the challenges and rewards of analytic work in different cultural settings on a theoretical, professional, linguistic, and personal level. Recognition of and appreciation for the bi-directional influence as a result of this foray into uncharted waters confirms that, despite very real limitations, psyche nevertheless finds creative, purposeful solutions and, that with flexibility, courage, and openness, the Jungian community has as much to gain and to learn from this experience as we have to offer.

Jung often stated that when he entered an analytic session, he tried to forget everything he had learned in order to be totally present and open to the individual before him. The very real challenge this represents is brought to life in the thought-provoking and deeply moving personal contributions of each author. This book is an absolute must for anyone with the willingness and courage to explore and question our ethnocentric perspectives and assumptions about analysis. I recommend it highly without reservation.
Tom Kelly, current President of the IAAP, senior training analyst and supervisor, and past president of the Inter-Regional Society of Jungian Analysts and of the Council of North American Societies of Jungian Analysts
Introduction: Catherine Crowther and Jan Wiener, London, UK
Chapter 1: Archetypes Across Cultural Divides
Murray Stein, Zürich, Switzerland
Chapter 2: Reflections on the Bi-Directionality of Influence in Analytical Work Across Cultures
Joe Cambray, Providence, Rhode Island, USA
Chapter 3: The Self and Individuation: Universal and Particular
Ann Shearer, London, UK
Chapter 4: Pioneers or Colonialism?
Henry Abramovitch, Jerusalem, Israel
Chapter 5: Cultural Complexes and Working Partnerships
Catherine Kaplinsky, London, UK
Chapter 6: Understanding Group and Organisational Dynamics in Cultural Partnerships
Stephan Alder, Berlin, Germany
Chapter 7: Issues of Cultural Identity and Authorship When Receiving Training from Other Cultures
Gražina Gudaitė, Vilnius, Lithuania
Chapter 8: Women and Professional Identity in Russia

The Doll of Vassilissa the Beautiful as a Symbol of The Handover of Feminine

Knowledge from Mother to Daughter
Elena Volodina, Moscow, Russia

Individuation as Container: The Search for Professional Identity in Russia
Natalia Alexandrova, Moscow, Russia
Chapter 9: Influenced, Changed, or Transformed? Reflections on Moments of Meeting in a Borderland
Tomasz J. Jasiński, Warsaw and
Malgorzata Kalinowska, Katowice, Poland
Chapter 10: Bridging Two Realities: A Foreign Language In An Analytic Space
Kamala Melik-Akhnazarova, Moscow, Russia
Chapter 11: The Delivery of Training: Personal Experiences as a Trainer in Other Cultures
Angela M. Connolly, Rome, Italy
Chapter 12: Shuttle Analysis Across Culture

Personal Analysis By Shuttle: Can It Work?
Christopher Perry, London, UK

The “Frontier-Line In Human Closeness”
Ann Foden, London, UK
Chapter 13: An East-West Coniunctio: The Relational Field in Cross-Cultural Analysis
Liza J. Ravitz, San Francisco, USA
Chapter 14: Giving Voice to Psychic Pain: The British-Mexican Connection, On The Vicissitudes of Creating a Home for Street Children
Alessandra Cavalli, London, UK
Chapter 15: Returning To China
John Beebe, San Francisco, USA
Chapter 16: From Tradition To Innovation: What Have We Learned?
Catherine Crowther and Jan Wiener, London, UK
Editors’ and Contributors’ biographies:

Editors’ Bios:

Catherine Crowther is a Training Analyst for the Society of Analytical Psychology (SAP) in private practice in London. She worked for many years as a psychiatric social worker, family therapist, and psychotherapist in adolescent and adult mental health services in the UK’s National Health Service. She was past chair of the SAP’s adult analytic Training Committee and is involved in supervision and teaching in the UK and in Eastern Europe. With Jan Wiener, she was joint organiser of the Russian Revival Project, 1996–2010, an IAAP programme for the clinical and academic training of Jungian analysts in Russia. She was also a teacher and supervisor of clinical work in St. Petersburg throughout that time. She has contributed articles and chapters on analytical psychology on subjects such as silence, fairy tales, moments of meeting, cross-cultural exchange, eating disorders, supervision, and training.

Jan Wiener is a Training Analyst and Supervisor for the Society of Analytical Psychology in London. She is currently Director of Training. She was Vice-President of the International Association for Analytical Psychology from 2010–2013 where she was Co-Chair of their Education Committee with particular responsibility for Developing Groups in Analytical Psychology in Eastern Europe. Together with Catherine Crowther, she organised a programme of academic and clinical teaching in Russia and has been involved in teaching and supervising clinical work in St. Petersburg since 1996. She has taught internationally for many years, and is the author of chapters and papers on subjects such as transference, supervision, training, and ethics. She is also author of three books. The most recent, The Therapeutic Relationship: Transference, Countertransference and the Making of Meaning was published by Texas A&M University Press in 2009.

Contributors’ Bios:

Henry Abramovitch, Founding President and current Training Analyst in the Israel Institute of Jungian Psychology, is a professor at Tel Aviv University Medical School. He has served on Ethics and Program Committees of the International Association for Analytical Psychology (IAAP) as well as being President of Israel Anthropological Association and co-facilitator of Interfaith Encounter Group. He supervises routers in Poland and Moscow. His most recent books are Brothers and Sisters: Myth and Reality and The Performance of Analysis (Russian). abramh@post.tau.ac.il

Stephan Alder, Dr. med., Dipl. med., is a specialist in neurology and psychiatry, psychotherapy, psychoanalysis, and group analysis (German Society for Analytical Psychology, DGAP-IAAP; German Society for Group Analysis and Group Psychotherapy, D3G; and German Society for Psychoanalysis, Psychotherapy, Psychosomatics, and Depth Psychology, DGPT) with a private practice in Potsdam, Germany since 1991. He is a training analyst and lecturer for analytical groups (D3G), the C. G. Jung Institute Berlin, and the Berlin Institute for Group Analysis (BIG). He was a Balint group leader at the German Balint Society, 2008–2013, and a member of the board of DGAP and its president, 2014–2015. He is active in the analytical treatment of schizoid patients and patients with PTSD, with special focus on people suffering from psychosis and trauma. st-alder@t-online.de

Natalia Alexandrova, Ph.D., is an individual member of IAAP (2007) and a training analyst and supervisor for the Russian Society for Analytical Psychology (RSAP) and for the Moscow Association of Analytical Psychology (MAAP). She is co-author with Yuri Alexandrov of Subjective Experience, Culture and Social Representation (2009). Formerly a senior research fellow in the Institute of Psychology, Russian Academy of Science, she is now in private practice in Moscow. Her current interests include transgenerational trauma, identity and cultural identity, early development, infant observation, cultural complexes, and cross-cultural research. nataliya-alexandrova@yandex.ru

John Beebe, a past president of the C. G. Jung Institute of San Francisco, has taught about analytical psychology around the world, including China where he is the IAAP’s Liaison to the Shanghai Developing Group. The author of Integrity in Depth, John was founding editor of the San Francisco Jung Institute Library Journal (now Jung Journal: Culture & Psyche) and the first American co-editor of the Journal of Analytical Psychology. He is co-author, with Virginia Apperson, of The Presence of the Feminine in Film. johnbeebe@msn.com

Joseph Cambray, Ph.D., is a past president of the IAAP; currently, he is the Regional Organizer for the IAAP in Asia. Dr. Cambray is on the editorial boards of The Journal of Analytical Psychology, for which he was U.S. Editor, and The Jung Journal: Culture and Psyche. He has been a faculty member at Harvard Medical School in the Department of Psychiatry at Massachusetts General Hospital, Center for Psychoanalytic Studies and an adjunct faculty at Pacific Graduate Institute. His books include his Fay Lectures, Synchronicity: Nature and Psyche in an Interconnected Universe, and a volume edited with Linda Carter, Analytical Psychology: Contemporary Perspectives in Jungian Psychology. cambrayj@earthlink.net

Alessandra Cavalli, Ph.D., trained as a child and adult analyst at the Society of Analytical Psychology. She works in private practice and teaches at the Tavistock Clinic and the British Psychotherapy Foundation (BPF) in London. She also supervises therapeutic work with children in care in Mexico. She has published extensively in the Journal of Analytical Psychology, and is co-editor with Lucinda Hawkins and Martha Stevens of Transformation, published by Karnac in 2013. alessandra.cavalli@btinternet.com

Angela M. Connolly is an analyst of the Italian Society for Analytical Psychology (CIPA) with training and supervisory functions. She lived and worked in Russia from 1996–2001 and has continued to teach, lecture, and supervise internationally. She was deputy editor of the Journal of Analytical Psychology and is currently on the advisory board. She was Honorary Secretary of the IAAP and is at present Vice-President. She has published widely in English and Italian and has been translated into Russian and German. Her most recent works include “Cognitive Aesthetics of Alchemical Imagery” and “The Cognitive Aesthetics of Dream Metaphors” published in Understanding Jung edited by Angiola Iapoce as well as “Out of the Body: Embodiment and Its Vicissitudes.” angconnolly@yahoo.com

Catherine Crowther is a training analyst for the Society of Analytical Psychology (SAP) and past Chair of the Training Committee in private practice in London. She was a joint coordinator of the Russian Revival Project, training IAAP routers in Russia and was a joint IAAP liaison for the Developing Group in St. Petersburg. She is involved in supervision and teaching in the UK and in Eastern Europe. She has contributed articles to the Journal of Analytical Psychology and chapters to various books on analytical psychology. c.s.crowther@talk21.com

Ann Foden is a training analyst and supervisor with the British Jungian Analytic Association (BJAA) which is part of the British Psychotherapy Foundation (BPF). She is also a training analyst for the Tavistock Centre for Couple Relationships, the Association of Child Psychotherapists, and the Westminster Pastoral Foundation. She has a full-time private analytic practice in London working with individuals and couples. annfoden30@gmail.com

Gražina Gudaitė, Ph.D., is Professor of Psychology at Vilnius University and a Jungian psychoanalyst as well as President of the Lithuanian Association for Analytical Psychology. She is the author of several books and articles in analytical psychology, and co-editor with Murray Stein of Confronting Cultural Trauma: Jungian Approaches to Understanding and Healing. She has a private practice in Vilnius and coordinates and teaches in the Router Program in Lithuania. g.gudait@gmail.com

Tomasz J. Jasiński is an IAAP Individual Member and current president of the Polish Association for Jungian Analysis. He is a Jungian analyst in private practice in Warsaw, Poland. He is interested in non-verbal aspects of analytical processes, post-traumatic constellations in individuals and in the collective, and frontiers with spirituality in psychological healing. Currently, he is also a member of the Polish Association for Jungian analysis (PAJA) Training Committee and a teacher for the analytic training. tomjjj@poczta.onet.pl

Malgorzata Kalinowska is a Jungian analyst (IAAP Individual Member) and a founding member of the Polish Association for Jungian Analysis, where she holds the positions of Training Committee Member and Training Coordinator. She teaches for the PAJA training and works in private practice in Czeladw, Poland. She has worked in both clinical indoor and outdoor settings. She studies the relationship between trauma and culture and has published several articles on the subject in the context of the history of Central Europe. She is also interested in transcultural dimensions of analytical training and translates books on analytical psychology into Polish. mkalinowska@e-maginalis.com

Catherine Kaplinsky is a training analyst with the Society of Analytical Psychology in private practice. She has worked in various settings in the National Health Service (NHS), in a therapeutic community, in Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, and in a university. She has been practicing for twenty-five years and was a supervisor for the Russian Revival Project. She was born in India, brought up in South Africa, and immigrated to England in 1968. cathy@kaplinsky.com

Kamala Melik-Akhnazarova is a Jungian analyst currently working in private practice in Moscow, Russia, a member of the Russian Society for Analytical Psychology, and an IAAP member since 2013. She graduated from the philological faculty of Moscow State University in 1991. She combined the work of interpreter and translator with a long-term interest in astrology until these two paths finally brought her to the decision to be trained as a Jungian analyst. kamala27@rambler.ru

Christopher Perry is a Training Analyst and Supervisor of the Society of Analytical Psychology, of which he was also the former Director of Training. He is the author of Listen to the Voice Within: A Jungian Approach to Pastoral Care and several articles on analytical psychology and group analysis. He is interested in the interface between psychotherapy and spirituality. He lives and works in London. cjperry@orforduk.com

Liza J. Ravitz, Ph.D., is a certified Jungian child and adult psychoanalyst and clinical psychologist. She is a member of the C. G. Jung Institute in San Francisco where she teaches in the Analyst Training and the Continuing Education programs. Liza has clinical practices in San Francisco and Petaluma, California, where she works with children and adults. She is an Associate Professor at Sonoma State University and a teaching member of the International Society of Sandplay Therapists (ISST). Liza lived in Taiwan from 2012–2014 where she practiced Jungian analysis and taught as Visiting Scholar in Residence at Shieh-Chien University. dr.ravitz@gmail.com

Ann Shearer is a senior member of the Independent Group of Analytical Psychologists (IGAP) and lives in London. She has been teaching Jungian psychology in the UK and elsewhere in a variety of settings over many years; for four of these she was a visiting supervisor on the IAAP training in St. Petersburg. She is particularly interested in the ways in which mythological themes can contribute to psychological understanding. Her books include Athene: Image and Energy and (with Pam Donleavy) From Ancient Myth to Modern Healing: Themis, Goddess of Heart-Soul, Justice and Reconciliation. ann.shearer@zen.co.uk

Murray Stein, Ph.D., was President of the International Association for Analytical Psychology from 2001–2004 and President of the International School of Analytical Psychology in Zürich from 2008–2012. He is the author of Minding the Self and of many other books and articles on analytical psychology and Jungian psychoanalysis. He lives in Switzerland and is a training and supervising analyst with the International School of Analytical Psychology (ISAP) Zürich. murraywstein@gmail.com

Elena Volodina is an independent member of IAAP, a member of the Russian Society for Analytical Psychology, and a Jungian analyst in private practice in Moscow. She is Senior Lecturer at the Department of Analytical Psychology at the State Academic University of Humanitarian Sciences, Moscow. She is a shuttle analyst for routers in the Bulgarian Developing Group in Sofia. elenavolodina@yandex.ru

Jan Wiener is a training analyst and training supervisor for the SAP and BJAA in London. She is currently Director of Training at the SAP. She was Vice President of the IAAP from 2010–2013 during which time she was Co-Chair of the IAAP Education Committee with special responsibility for Eastern Europe. She is author of numerous papers on subjects such as transference, training, ethics, and supervision, and her latest book, The Therapeutic Relationship: Transference, Countertransference and the Making of Meaning, was published by Texas A&M University Press in 2009. jan.wiener@virgin.net