Spring: A Journal of Archetype and Culture and Spring Journal Books
Spring 81
$ 25.95

Spring 81: The Psychology of Violence

ISBN: 978-1-882670-64-2
350 pp.

This issue considers various types of violence (terrorism, war, intrapsychic violence, violence within families, imaginal violence, violence in literature) from the perspective of depth psychology and offers insights on addressing their effects. Some of the many questions explored include:

  • What psychological dynamics underlie terrorism and war?
  • What Greek myths help us understand intrapsychic violence and violence in families?
  • How can we understand a kind of violence that destroys not just the beauty of the world but our ability to experience beauty itself, when imagination is no longer possible?
  • Does the portrayal of violence in literature activate the hunger for violently metaphorical language and imagination, and actually lessen literal violence?
  • Can Native traditions and ancient rituals offer modern society insight into the struggles experienced by returning veterans, their families, and communities?
  • What roles do reconciliation and forgiveness play in the aftermath of violence?

The Psychology of Violence - Table of Contents:

Captain America and His Zealous Blast Ron Schenk
A Mythology of Bullets Glen Slater
Is Peace the Cause of Violence? Allan Guggenbuhl
Fanaticism: A Psychopolitical Analysis Lawrence R. Alschuler
War:  Some Psychological and Spiritual Underpinnings Lionel Corbett
"and death was a mist about him": Notes Toward a Homeric Poetics of Violence Brian Nowlin
Cultural Rupture: A Call to Poetic  Insurgency George McGrath Callan
Titanic Violence: Vaclav Havel  and  the Dangers of Ideological  Thinking David Barton
A Depth Psychological, "Polytheistic" Reading of Pedophilia through Greek Myth Howard G. Kaplan
Medea and Mothers Who Kill Kate Smith-Hanssen
Confronting Death Mother:  An Interview with Marion Woodman Marion Woodman & Daniela Sieff
Facing the Enemy Joanna Berry, Patrick Magee, and Mike Appleton
Beyond Forgiveness: Re-Weaving the Remains of War Hendrika de Vries
Healing a Warrior World Julie A. Sgarzi
For "a New Heaven and a New Earth": The Gospel of Judas--An Emerging Potential for World Peace? A Jungian Perspective Gottfried Heuer

Obama and Icarus:   Political Heroism, "Newspaper Mythology," and the Economic Crisis of 2008

Michael Vannoy Adams
No Country for Old Men directed by Joel and Ethan Coen Victoria C. Drake

The Return of Ulysses: A Cultural History of Homer’s Odyssey by Edith Hall

Dennis Patrick Slattery
Dark Light of the Soul by Kathyrn Wood Madden Paul W. Ashton
Listening to the Rhino: Violence and Healing in a Scientific Age by Janet O. Dallett Craig Chalquist
The Black Nightgown: The Fusional Complex and the Unlived Life by Nathan Schwartz-Salant August J. Cwik

The Psychology of Violence - Author Biographies:

Author Biographies: Violence Articles

Ronald Schenk, Ph.D., is a Jungian analyst practicing, teaching, and writing in Dallas and Houston. He has written three books: The Soul of Beauty: A Psychological Investigation of Appearance, regarding psychology as an aesthetic enterprise; Dark Light: the Appearance of Death in Everyday Life, a series of essays on culture and imagination; and, The Sunken Quest, the Wasted Fisher, the Pregnant Fish: Essays in Postmodern Depth Psychology.

Glen Slater, Ph.D., is on the faculty of Pacifica Graduate Institute where he teaches in the Mythological Studies and Depth Psychology programs. This essay is based on a paper presented at the 2008 Foundation for Mythological Studies Conference on "The Mythology of Violence." It also contains excerpted material from a previously published paper, "The Psychology of Bullets," in The Salt Journal, March /April 2000.

Allan Guggenbühl is a psychologist and Jungian psychotherapist in Zürich, Switzerland, Professor at the University of Education of the State of Zürich (www.phzh.ch), Director of the Department for Group Psychotherapy for Children and Adolescents at the Educational Counselling Center of the State of Bern, and Director of the Institute of Conflict Management and Mythodrama in Zürich (www.ikm.ch). He specializes in violence among adolescents, men’s issues, and conflicts in public transport organizations. He has published various books on violence, school culture, and gender issues. His books in English include Men, Myth, Power (New York: Continuum, 1997) and The Incredible Fascination of Violence (Putnam, CT: Spring Publications, 1996).

Lawrence R. Alschuler, Ph.D., is a retired Professor of Political Science. He has taught political economy of the Third World at the Universities of Hawaii, Zurich, Ottawa, and the Catholic University of Argentina. He studied at the C. G. Jung Institute-Zürich for four years in the 1980s. His latest book is The Psychopolitics of Liberation: Political Consciousness from a Jungian Perspective (New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2007).

Lionel Corbett, M.D., is a Jungian analyst who teaches depth psychology at Pacifica Graduate Institute. He is the author of Psyche and the Sacred: Spirituality Beyond Religion and The Religious Function of the Psyche.

Brian Nowlin, Ph.D. (ABD), is currently completing a dissertation on Wallace Stevens and the mundus imaginalis at the University of Dallas, where he has worked as an adjunct professor of English (teaching both poetic epic and rhetoric) and as the director of the writing center.  Brian’s scholarly areas of interest especially center upon the intersection of poetic metaphor, desire, memory, and the anima mundi.

George McGrath Callan, Ph.D., is a depth psychologist in private practice in Seattle, Washington. She is an adjunct faculty member at Pacifica Graduate Institute in Santa Barbara, California and Antioch University in Seattle, Washington.

David Barton, is the former editor-in-chief of The Salt Journal. He is currently Assistant Professor at Northern New Mexico College, where he teaches mythology and religion.

Howard G. Kaplan, LMFT/Ph.D.(Theatre & Drama) is a psychotherapist in Irvine, California. Currently, he is a clinical psychology doctoral candidate at Pacifica Graduate Institute, conducting dissertation research on dreams of pedophilic adult males.

Kate Smith-Hanssen, Ph.D., has degrees in Art History, Counseling Psychology, and Mythological Studies and Depth Psychology. She was Adjunct Faculty at Pacifica Graduate Institute from 1994-2000. She presented this paper at the Foundation for Mythological Studies conference on "Mythology and Violence" held at Pacifica Graduate Institute in 2009. She now lives in Lake Tahoe, California.

Marion Woodman, LLD, DHL, Ph.D., is a Jungian analyst, teacher, and author of numerous books, including The Owl Was a Baker’s Daughter; Addiction to Perfection; The Pregnant Virgin; The Ravaged Bridegroom; Leaving My Father’s House; Conscious Femininity; Dancing in the Flames (with Elinor Dickson); Coming Home to Myself (with Jill Mellick); The Maiden King (with Robert Bly); and Bone: Dying Into Life. She has been exploring the relationship between psyche and soma through her work and teaching for 30 years. A visionary in her own right, she has worked with the analytical psychology of C.G. Jung in original and creative ways. She is the Chair of the Marion Woodman Foundation and lives in London, Ontario, Canada.

Daniela Sieff has a Master’s in psychology and anthropology and Ph.D. in biological anthropology.  Her academic research, with the semi-nomadic cattle-herding Datoga of Tanzania, explored human behavior through the lens of evolutionary theory.  She has produced documentaries, written articles, and completed the leadership training program with the Marion Woodman Foundation. She is currently working on a book of interviews which will explore emotional wounding and healing from the perspectives of depth psychology, neuropsychology, and evolutionary anthropology.  This interview forms part of a more extensive interview with Marion Woodman, which will appear in that book.  She lives on a farm in Hampshire, United Kingdom.

Michael Appleton is a TV producer and director with the BBC. He was nominated for a British Academy of Film and Television Arts Award in 1989  in the category Best News or Outside Broadcast Coverage for his Nelson Mandela 70th Birthday Tribute (1988). His 2001 documentary  Facing the Enemy records a series of meetings between Patrick Magee, the man responsible for the Brighton bombing of 1984, and Joanna Berry, the daughter of one of the five people killed in the bombing.

Patrick Magee is a former volunteer in the Provisional Irish Republican Army. He was responsible for planting the bomb in the Grand Hotel in Brighton that killed 5 people including a member of the British government in 1984. For his role in the Brighton bombing and other bombing plots, he received eight life sentences, but was released in 1999 under the terms of the Good Friday Agreement, after serving 14 years of his prison sentence. While in prison, he earned a Ph.D. He is currently involved in helping former IRA members achieve reconciliation with their victims.

Joanna Berry is the daughter of Sir Anthony Berry, the lone member of the British government killed in the Brighton bombing. In 2001, she met with Patrick Magee, the man responsible for her father’s death. She is the founder on the non-profit organization Building Bridges for Peace, which is committed to promoting peace and nonviolent conflict resolution around the world.

Hendrika de Vries is a licensed depth-oriented Marriage and Family Therapist in private practice in Santa Barbara, California. She has served as adjunct faculty in the Mythological Studies and Counseling Psychology programs at Pacifica Graduate Institute  and has presented at Pacifica conferences. Her published articles and public presentations include: "The Chrysalis Experience: A Mythology for Times of Transition," Depth Psychology: Meditations in the Field, edited by Dennis P. Slattery and Lionel Corbett  (Carpinteria, CA:  Daimon Verlag & Pacifica Graduate Institute, 2000), pp. 147-159; "Seeing in the Dark: the Power of Mythic Perception in Troubled Times;" and, "Inviting the 13th Fairy: Embodying Soul in our Personal Myths.".

Julie A. Sgarzi, Ph.D. (Depth Psychology), writes and lectures on contemporary issues. She is Vice-Chairman of the Board of OPUS Archive and Research Center on the campus of Pacifica Graduate Institute and participates with an advisory group for the Philemon Foundation.

Dr. Gottfried Heuer is is a Jungian training psychoanalyst and training supervisor with the Association of Jungian Analysts, London. Initially trained as a neo-Reichian bodypsychotherapist, he has over 35 years of clinical experience and has published and lectured widely on the links between analysis, radical politics, spirituality, and the history of analytic ideas. For the International Otto Gross Society (www.ottogross.org/)which he co-founded and currently chairs, he has (co-)edited five volumes of congress proceedings (www.literaturwissenschaft.de).

Author Biographies: Current Events

Michael Vannoy Adams is a Jungian analyst in New York City. He is a clinical associate professor at the New York University Postdoctoral Program in Psychotherapy and Psychoanalysis.  He is also a faculty member at the Jungian Psychoanalytic Association and the New School, where he was previously associate provost.  He is the author of three books: The Fantasy Principle: Psychoanalysis of the Imagination, The Mythological Unconscious, and The Multicultural Imagination: “Race,” Color, and the Unconscious.

Author Biographies: Film Reviews

Victoria C. Drake is currently working on her Ph.D. in Depth Psychology at Pacifica Graduate Institute. After attending Harvard University (B.A. 1983), she followed her passion to become a life-long international wildlife conservationist and environmental community justice advocate.Victoria lives in Chicago with her husband, James Evan-Cook (from Kent, UK), their three daughters, Angelica, Isabella, and Lily, and assorted animal companions.

Author Biographies: Book Reviews:

Dennis Patrick Slattery, Ph.D., is currently Core Faculty member in the Mythological Studies Program at Pacifica Graduate Institute. He is the author or coeditor of twelve books, among them: The Idiot: Dostoevsky’s Fantastic Prince (1984); The Wounded Body: Remembering the Markings of Flesh (2000); and Grace in the Desert: Awakening to the Gifts of Monastic Life (2003). With Lionel Corbett, he coedited Depth Psychology: Meditations in the Field (2001) and Psychology at the Threshold (2002); with Glen Slater, he coedited Varieties of Mythic Experience: Essays on Religion, Psyche and Culture (2008). He has composed three volumes of poetry: Casting the Shadows: Selected Poems (2001); Just Below the Water Line: Selected Poems (2004); and Twisted Sky: Selected Poems (2007).

Paul W. Ashton is a psychiatrist and Jungian analyst in private practice in Cape Town where he lives with his wife and youngest daughter. He is the author of the monograph, From the Brink: Experiences of the Void from a Depth Psychology Perspective (2007), published by Karnac,and he is the editor of, and contributor to, Evocations of Absence: Multidisciplinary Perspectives on Void States (2007), published by Spring Journal Books. He also has published various reviews and lectured on topics such as art, literature, and the Void. He is a member of South African Association of Jungian Analysts (SAAJA) and is at present secretary of the organization.

Craig Chalquist, Ph.D., is a core faculty member of the School of Holistic Studies at John F. Kennedy University, where he teaches depth psychology, ecopsychology, and social science research. He is the author of Terrapsychology: Re-engaging the Soul of Place (Spring Journal Books, 2007) and co-editor with Linda Buzzell of Ecotherapy: Healing with Nature in Mind (Sierra Club Books, 2009). He lives and works in California’s Bay Area.

August J. Cwik, Psy.D. is a clinical psychologist, hypnotherapist, and Jungian analyst in private practice in the Chicago area.  He is a member of the Chicago Society of Jungian Analysts and the Inter-Regional Society of Jungian Analysts.  He is an Assistant Editor of the Journal of Analytical Psychology and has published articles on the structure of analysis, alchemy, supervision, dreams, and active imagination as well as numerous reviews.