Spring: A Journal of Archetype and Culture and Spring Journal Books
Spring 83
$ 25.95

Spring 83: Minding the Animal Psyche

ISBN: 978-1-935528-07-4
448 pp.

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In the past, depth psychology has largely confined its reflections upon animals to human dreams and encounters. In Minding the Animal Psyche, Spring seeks to greatly broaden this inquiry, turning the psychological eye from its inward gaze to honor and explore the psyches of our animal kin and the mutual interrelationships that exist between species. As our global society moves from anthropocentrism to eco-centricism, individuation of the ecopsyche mandates that we reflect on what animals bring into our lives and what we bring to the psyches of the animals with whom we live. Psychology's acknowledgement of the animal psyche—in the same way that we do the human psyche—represents a dramatic, expansive shift and an exciting opportunity to bring insights from animal-oriented disciplines to depth psychology.

A Note from the Editor Nancy Cater
Guest Editor’s Introduction G.A. Bradshaw
Jung and the Parrot: Facts, Interpretations, and Connections Phoebe Greene Linden
The Art of Cultural Brokerage: Recreating Elephant-Human Relationship and Community Carol Buckley & G.A. Bradshaw
Imagining Coexistence: What Grizzly Bears Have to Teach Us Susie O'Keeffe
My Father was a Bear: Human-Animal Transformation in Native American Teachings Jeanne A. Lacourt
Where the Wild Things Are: Dreaming the Bioregion Patricia Reis
Discovering the Way Back to the Solid Ground of Ethical Uncertainty: From Animal Use to Animal Protection John P. Gluck
Animals on Film: The Ethics of the Human Gaze Randy Malamud
We, Matata: Bicultural Living Among Apes G. A. Bradshaw
Harbingers of (Silent) Spring: Archetypal Avians, Avian Archetypes, and the Truly Collective Unconscious pattrice jones
Freud and the Family Horse: Exploration into Equine Psychotherapy Vera Muller-Paisner and G.A. Bradshaw
Becoming Rabbit: Living with and Knowing Rabbits Margo DeMello
Chicken-Human Relationships: From Procrustean Genocide to Empathic Anthropomorphism Karen Davis
Developing Beyond a Narcissistic Relationship with Animals Brenda Murrow
Re-visioning Eco-psychology: Seeing through Dream Animals to Species in Peril Debra Merskin
The Evolution of Ethology: An Interview with Marc Bekoff G.A. Bradshaw
Ecopsychology and the Sacred: the Psychological Basis of the Environmental Crisis David Tacey
Film Review
The Cove, directed by Louie Psihoyos Victoria Drake
Book Reviews
Liber Novus, that is, The New Bible: A First Analysis of C.G. Jung's Red Book Wolfgang Giegerich
On Soul and Earth by Elena Liotta (ed.) Anne Noonan
The Presence of the Feminine in Film by John Beebe and Virginia Apperson Eleonora Babejova
Experiencing Hildegard: Jungian Perspectives by Avis Clendenen Ursula Wirtz
Where the Shadows Lie: A Jungian Interpretation of Tolkien's The Lord of the Rings by Pia Skogemann Ruth Ledergerber
The Sister from Below: When the Muse Gets Her Way by Naomi Lowinsky David Rosen
Guest Editor Biography: G.A. Bradshaw
G.A. Bradshaw, Ph.D., Ph.D., holds doctorate degrees in ecology and psychology, and her many areas of expertise include the effects of violence on and trauma recovery in elephants, grizzly bears, chimpanzees, parrots, and other species in captivity. Her research has been featured in the New York Times, Time Magazine, National Geographic, Smithsonian, The London Times, ABC’s 20/20, and several documentary films. She is the author of the acclaimed book Elephants on the Edge: What Animals Teach Us about Humanity ( Yale University Press 2009), an in-depth psychological portrait of elephants in captivity and in the wild. This book was voted one of the Favorite Books of 2009 by the Scientific American, has been reviewed in the New York Review of Books and Atlantic Monthly, and has been highly recommended by Archbishop Emeritus Desmond M. Tutu, 1984 Nobel Peace Prize Laureate; Temple Grandin, author of Animals in Translation; and J. M. Coetzee, Nobel Laureate in Literature, 2003, among many others. Dr. Bradshaw is also the founder of the field of trans-species psychology, which represents a new species-inclusive paradigm of learning and knowledge-making. It offers a collective language that links scientific objectivity with subjective knowledge and experience to create a "science of the heart." The principles of trans-species psychology are developed and explored at The Kerulos Center, www.kerulos.org, located in southern Oregon and of which Dr. Bradshaw is the Executive Director.
Editor Biography: Nancy Cater
Nancy Cater, M.S.W., J.D, Ph.D., is the editor of Spring: A Journal of Archetype and Culture, the author of Electra: Tracing a Feminine Myth through the Western Imagination, and the publisher of Spring Journal Books. Since 2003, she has edited volumes of Spring on Muses; Orpheus; Alchemy; Body & Soul; Cinema & Psyche; Psyche and Nature; Politics & the American Soul; Philosophy & Psychology (with guest editors, David L. Miller and Edward Casey); Technology, Cyberspace, and Psyche (with guest editor, Glen Slater); Irish Culture and Depth Psychology; The Psychology of Violence, and Symbolic Life 2009 (with guest editor, Murray Stein). As the publisher of Spring Journal Books, she has overseen the acquistion and production of over 50 books about Jungian psychology over the last 7 years. This includes the initiation and development of two book series published in collaboration with ISAPZURICH (the International School for Analytical Psychology in Zurich): the Zurich Lecture Series in Analytical Psychology, which she co-edits with Murray Stein, and the Jungian Odyssey Series: Series Editors, Stacy Wirth, Isabelle Meier, and John Hill--all training analysts at ISAPZURICH--as well as the Studies in Archeypal Psychology Series--Series Editor, Greg Mogenson, and the Analytical Psychology & Contemporary Culture Series--Series Editor, Thomas Singer. She lives in New Orleans, Louisiana.
Articles - Author Biographies:

Marc Bekoff is Professor Emeritus of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology at the University of Colorado, Boulder, where he taught animal behavior for 32 years. He pioneered the study of animal emotions and cognitive ethology and is an internationally renowned author of numerous books, including The Emotional Lives of Animals, Wild Justice: The Moral Lives of Animals (with Jessica Pierce), and The Animal Manifesto: Six Reasons for Expanding Our Compassion Footprint. Together with Jane Goodall, Marc co-founded Ethologists for the Ethical Treatment of Animals.

G. A. Bradshaw, Ph.D., Ph.D., is Executive Director of The Kerulos Center (www.kerulos.org) and founder of the field of trans-species psychology. She holds doctorate degrees in ecology and psychology and is the author of Elephants on the Edge: What Animals Teach Us about Humanity (Yale Univ. Press, 2009), an in-depth psychological portrait of elephants in captivity and in the wild. Her research focuses on the traumatic effects of human violence on elephants, grizzly bears, chimpanzees, and parrots and on wildlife cultural recovery.

Carol Buckley is an international leader in trauma recovery of Asian and Africa elephants. She has over thirty years experience with elephants in captivity and is co-founder of the first natural-habitat refuge for sick, old, and needy endangered elephants, the Elephant Sanctuary in Tennessee. Carol is the recipient of the Genesis Award in 2001 and TIME Magazine's Hero for the Planet Award in recognition of her innovative work.

Karen Davis, Ph.D., is the president and founder of United Poultry Concerns (UPC; www.upc-online.org), a nonprofit organization that promotes the compassionate and respectful treatment of domestic fowl. She maintains a sanctuary for chickens, turkeys and ducks on the Eastern Shore of Virginia and is the founding editor of Poultry Press and the author of Prisoned Chickens, Poisoned Eggs: An Inside Look at the Modern Poultry Industry, More Than a Meal: The Turkey in History, Myth, Ritual, and Reality, and The Holocaust and the Henmaid's Tale: A Case for Comparing Atrocities.

Margo DeMello, Ph.D., teaches anthropology and sociology at Central New Mexico Community College, writes on animals and body modification, and is the President of House Rabbit Society, an international rabbit advocacy organization.

John P. Gluck, Jr. is Emeritus Professor of Psychology at the University of New Mexico, Research Professor at the Kennedy Institute of Ethics, Georgetown University, and on the Faculty of the Kerulos Center. A former animal researcher, he now studies and writes about the moral standing of animals in research.

pattrice jones co-founded the Eastern Shore Sanctuary and Education Center of Maryland (now relocated to rural Vermont), where she created a program for the rehabilitation of former fighting roosters and offered refuge to both wild and domesticated birds. She teaches psychology at Minneapolis Community & Technical College and gender studies at Metropolitan State University and is the author of Aftershock, an analysis of trauma and recovery from an ecofeminist perspective.

Jeanne A. Lacourt, Ph.D., is Chair of the Ethnic Studies Department and Associate Professor of American Indian Studies at St. Cloud State University in Minnesota. She has strong interests in the intersections of Jungian and Indigenous studies.

Phoebe Greene Linden and Santa Barbara Bird Farm parrots are active trans-species companions who work, advocate, and volunteer to improve the welfare of captives everywhere.

Randy Malamud, Professor of English at Georgia State University, is the editor of A Cultural History of Animals in the Modern Age (Berg, 2007) and the author of Reading Zoos: Representations of Animals and Captivity (Macmillan and New York University Press, 1998) and Poetic Animals and Animal Souls (Palgrave Macmillan, 2003). He is a Fellow of the Oxford Centre for Animal Ethics and a Patron of the Captive Animals' Protection Society.

Debra Merskin, Ph.D., is Associate Professor of Communication Studies in the School of Journalism & Communication at the University of Oregon. Her research interests include exploring the parallels between popular culture re-presentations of marginalized human beings and animals. She is also a third year student in the Depth Psychology Program at Pacifica Graduate Institute.

Vera Muller-Paisner, LCSW, is a psychoanalyst and author of Broken Chain: Catholics Uncover the Holocaust's Hidden Legacy and Discover Their Jewish Roots (2005). She works with both equine and human clients and has adapted Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) protocol to Bilateral Equine Tapping (BET) to aid horses exhibiting traumatic memory.

Brenda Murrow, M.B.A., is a doctoral student in Pacifica Graduate Institute's Clinical Psychology program, and is certified in executive coaching and training. She worked in the Information Technology field for years before deciding to transition into this vocation.

Susie O'Keeffe received her Master's with distinction from Oxford University. Her research explored the return of the wolf to the French Alps, and the ensuing conflicts with farmers and hunters. For the past twenty years she has also worked with a variety of environmental and local agriculture organizations in the United States and Europe. She is currently developing an education project that examines the connections between aesthetic perception, consciousness, contemplative inquiry, and coexistence with the natural world. She is presently focused on carnivores. She lives in the Sheepscot Watershed in Montville, Maine.

Patricia Reis is a writer and psychotherapist in private practice in Portland, Maine. She is the author of many articles and three books focusing on women's psychology, mythology, and creative process. Her books are: Through the Goddess: A Woman's Way of Healing, Daughters of Saturn: From Father's Daughter to Creative Woman, and The Dreaming Way: Dreams and Art for Remembering and Recovery (with Susan Snow). Her most recent work is a DVD production: "Arctic Refuge Sutra: Teachings from an Endangered Landscape." Her website is www.patriciareis.net and she may be reached at preis@midmaine.com.

David Tacey, Ph.D., is Associate Professor at La Trobe University, Melbourne, Australia, where he teaches literature and depth psychology. He is the author of nine books and over a hundred articles on Jungian psychology, literary and cultural studies, and ecopsychology. His recent books include Edge of the Sacred: Jung, Psyche, Earth (Einsiedeln, Switzerland: Daimon Verlag, 2009) and How to Read Jung (New York: W. W. Norton, 2007).

Film Review - Reviewer Biography:

Victoria C. Drake is currently working on her Ph.D. in Depth Psychology at Pacifica Graduate Institute. After attending Harvard University (B.A. 1983), she followed her passion to become a life-long international wildlife conservationist and environmental community justice advocate. Victoria lives in Chicago with her husband, James Evan-Cook (from Kent, UK), their three daughters, Angelica, Isabella, and Lily, and assorted animal companions.

Book Reviews - Reviewers' Biographies:

Eleonóra Babejová, Ph.D., is training as a Jungian analyst at ISAPZURICH. She explores imaginal spaces through writing, movement, and ritual. She is a poet, dancer, and teacher who has worked with adults and teenagers with learning disabilities.

Wolfgang Giegerich studied at the University of Würzburg and the University of Göttingen, and obtained his PhD from the University of California at Berkeley. He received a diploma from the C. G. Jung Institute–Stuttgart. After many years in private practice in Stuttgart and later in Wörthsee, near Munich, he now lives in Berlin. He has lectured and taught in many countries (Germany, Switzerland, Austria, England, Italy, the USA, Russia, Japan, and Brazil) and before many professional societies. His more than one hundred and seventy publications in the field of psychology, in several languages, include fourteen books, among them The Soul's Logical Life: Towards a Rigorous Notion of Psychology (Peter Lang, 1998; 4th ed. 2007), and the three volumes of his Collected English Papers: The Neurosis of Psychology, Technology and the Soul, and Soul-Violence (all published by Spring Journal Books).

Ruth Ledergerber is a graduate of the C.G. Jung Institute and has a private practice in Zurich, Switzerland. She is currently a training analyst at The International School of Analytical Psychology/Zurich.

Anne Noonan is a psychiatrist and a Jungian analyst. She is a founding member and training analyst of the Australia and New Zealand Society of Jungian Analysts (ANZSJA). Her Jungian training was undertaken under Paolo Aite and Robert Grinnell in Rome where she also trained in group work with Claudio Neri at the University of Rome, La Sapienza. She has written on the interdependence of psyche and environment, including a paper on the effects on Indigenous Australians of British nuclear testing in Australia, which was presented at the "Moruroa e tatou" conference in Tahiti in 2006. A recent essay "Stardust" is published in Depth Psychology, Disorder, and Climate Change (Jung Downunder Books, 2009). A former president of the Jung Society of Sydney and lecturer at the University of Western Sydney in Analytical Psychology, she currently works in private practice in Sydney and in remote Indigenous communities in Central Australia.

David H. Rosen, M.D., is the McMillan Professor of Analytical Psychology, Professor of Humanities in Medicine and Professor of Psychiatry and Behavioral Science at Texas A&M University. He is the author of over one hundred articles and eight books, most recently, with Joel Weishaus, The Healing Spirit of Haiku. He is currently completing a memoir Lost in Aotearoa: Finding My Way Home.

Ursula Wirtz, Ph.D., is a Jungian training analyst with a diploma from the C.G. Jung Institute Zurich (1982). She received her doctorate in philosophy from the University of Munich and a degree in Clinical and Anthropological Psychology from the University of Zürich. She is currently on the faculty of ISAPZURICH. She has taught at various European universities and published on trauma, ethics, and the spiritual dimension of analytical psychology. She is also involved in the training of fledgling Jungian groups in Eastern Europe and is a member of the ethics committee of the IAAP.