Spring: A Journal of Archetype and Culture and Spring Journal Books

A History of Spring: A Journal of Archetype and Culture



Spring was created in 1941 by the Analytical Psychology Club of New York and published and edited by the Club from 1941 until 1969. The Club had close ties to Jung and Zürich, especially through founding Club members, Kristine Mann and Eleanor Bertine, along with Esther Harding. The early issues of the Journal reflect that close connection, which contain articles by C.G. Jung himself, Marie-Louise von Franz, Barbara Hannah, Aniela Jaffé, Erich Neumann, Mircea Eliade, Edward Whitmont, Henry Zimmer, Esther Harding, H.G. Baynes, C.A. Meier, Victor White, Frances Wickes, Rivkah Schaerf, Kristine Mann, and Jane Pratt, among others.


In 1970, the editorship and publication of Spring was transferred by the Club to James Hillman, who moved the Journal to Zürich where he was living at the time. Hillman had received his analyst’s diploma from the C.G. Jung Institute in Zürich. In 1959, he was appointed Director of Studies at the Institute where he also taught. In the first volume of Spring edited by Hillman, he published his own seminal paper Why ‘Archetypal Psychology’?

This was a prelude to his magnum opus Revisioning Psychology, which he wrote five years later. Hillman is an author of distinction whose books include: Suicide and the Soul; The Soul’s Code – In Search of Character and Calling; We’ve Had a Hundred Years of Psychotherapy and the World’s Getting Worse.

Under Hillman’s editorship, the Journal’s direction was focused on inaugurating the swerve in the field that has become known as archetypal psychology. A long-time participant in the Eranos conferences, Hillman drew on that sensibility in editing Spring, emphasizing ‘image oriented’ thought. Contributors to the Journal during his tenure included: Patricia Berry (who served as co-editor of Spring with Hillman from 1983-1986), Henry Corbin, Adolf Guggenbühl-Craig, Rafael Lopez-Pedraza, William McGuire, Murray Stein, Rudolf Ritsema, Mary Watkins, Edward S. Casey, Wolfgang Giegerich, Alfred Zeigler, Gilbert Durand, Adolf Portmann, Thomas Moore, Lyn Cowan, Michael Whan, Paul Kugler, and many more.

When Hillman first moved Spring to Zürich, it was located in a small room in the offices of Adolf Güggenbuhl-Craig. Later, Hillman rented a large house, which was called Spring House and contained the Spring operations plus rental offices for students and analysts. Murray Stein was Hillman’s business manager in 1972-73, followed by Robert Hinshaw. Daryl Sharp also worked at Spring during those Zürich years. All three went on to develop their own Jungian publishing houses: Murray Stein: Chiron Publications; Robert Hinshaw: Daimon; and Daryl Sharp: Inner City Books.

Spring’s offices followed Hillman from Zürich to Dallas, when he became the Dean of Graduate Studies at the University of Dallas in 1978, and then on to Connecticut in 1988. Hillman continued as Senior Editor of Spring from 1988 through 1997, while Charles Boer, a retired comparative literature professor from the University of Connecticut, known especially for his translation of Ovid’s Metamorphoses and a close friend and colleague of Hillman’s, assumed general editorship, a position he kept through 1998. Jay Livernois then served as editor of the Journal from 1999 until 2002. Livernois, whose academic background was in comparative literature, had studied with Charles Boer at the University of Connecticut and with Hillman in Dallas. He had worked at Spring for many years already in editorial and managerial positions.


Nancy Cater, M.S.W., J.D., PhD, became the editor of Spring in 2003 and moved its offices to her hometown of New Orleans, Louisiana, where Spring is located today and where she continues to serve as editor. Cater has a doctorate in Mythological Studies with an emphasis in depth psychology, is the author of the book Electra: Tracing a Feminine Myth through the Western Imagination, and a former appellate court attorney.

While honouring the style of archetypal psychology that Hillman inaugurated, cultivated and modelled, Cater has broadened the focus of the Journal again to include more voices from outside the archetypal psychology area.

The Journal was published once a year from its inception until 1992 and is currently published twice-yearly. Each issue is organized around a particular archetypal theme, which is then explored through the lens of depth psychology by Jungian analysts, scholars from a variety of disciplines, as well as, cultural commentators. Theoretical debates in the field are also reflected in Spring (the most recent between Wolfgang Giegerich and Robert Romanyshyn). In addition, each issue features book and film reviews.

Some of the themes explored in Spring since Cater became the editor in 2003 include: Muses, Body & Soul, Cinema & Psyche, Alchemy, Psyche and Nature, Philosophy & Psychology, Politics & The American Soul, Irish Culture & Depth Psychology, Technology, Cyberspace and Psyche, The Psychology of Violence, Symbolic Life 2009, Minding the Animal Psyche, and God Must Not Die! Or Must He?

Spring frequently invites a Jungian analyst and scholar to serve as guest editor of an issue that falls within their particular area of expertise, as illustrated in these forthcoming volumes: Swiss Culture and Depth Psychology (Fall 2011), guest edited by Stacy Wirth and Isabelle Meier, Jungian analysts at ISAPZURICH; Native American Culture and the Western Psyche: A Bridge Between (Spring 2012), guest edited by Jerome Bernstein, Jungian analyst in Santa Fe, New Mexico, and author of Living in the Borderland, and editor of C.G. Jung and the Sioux Traditions; Environmental Disasters and Collective Trauma (Fall 2012), guest edited by Stephen Foster, Jungian analyst and environmental scientist in Boulder, Colorado, and author of Risky Business: A Jungian View of Environmental Disasters and the Nature Archetype; Buddhism and Depth Psychology: Refining the Encounter, guest edited by Polly Young-Eisendrath, Jungian analyst and co-editor of Awakening and Insight: Zen Buddhism and Psychotherapy.

Spring Journal also publishes books under the imprint of Spring Journal Books. The latter specializes in the publication of books by leading scholars in the fields of archetypal psychology, Jungian psychology, mythology, cultural studies, and other fields. In serving as the publisher of Spring Journal Books, Cater has seen the acquisition and production of over sixty six books in the last seven years. This has included the initiation and development of four new books series: the Zurich Lecture Series in Analytical Psychology, edited by Murray Stein and Nancy Cater; the Analytical Psychology and Contemporary Culture Series, edited by Thomas Singer; the Studies in Archetypal Psychology Series, edited by Greg Mogenson; the Jungian Odyssey Series, edited by Stacy Wirth, Isabelle Meier, and John Hill; and the Psyche and Nature Series, which is in development.

Spring Journal is not only available by subscription but is marketed both as a journal and a book. The latter may be bought separately, along with the other books published under the imprint of Spring Journal Books.